MPV (monkeypox) is a rare disease that is caused by the monkeypox virus. The virus is not commonly seen in the United States. However, on May 20, 2022, the CDC issued a Health Advisory regarding recent cases in the United States. These outbreaks are currently under investigation and more information is expected in the future.

Community Level Risk:

MPV does not spread easily between people.While there have been MPV cases in Winnebago County, the risk to Winnebago County residents remains low. Click here to view IDPH website on MPV.

How MPV (Monkeypox) Spreads:

MPV spreads in different ways including:

  • Direct contact with MPV rash, sores, scabs, or body fluids
  • Touching items (such as clothing or linens) that previously used by someone with MPV
  • Respiratory droplets during prolonged, face-to-face contact, or during intimate physical contact, such as kissing, cuddling, or sex
  • From infected animals, either by being scratched or bitten by the animal or by preparing or eating meat or using products from an infected animal.

MPV can be spread from when symptoms start until all sores have healed and a fresh layer of skin has formed. This can take several weeks.

The majority of cases seen throughout Illinois and the United States have been spread through direct intimate contact with a rash or sore on someone infected with MPV. Activities that can spread MPV include kissing, sex, or other activities with skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the MPV virus.


  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches and backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion
  • A rash or sores, sometimes located on or near the genitals or anus, or the mouth, hands, feet, chest or face. Sores will go through several stages before healing.

What The Public Can Do:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid skin-to-skin contact with someone with MPV
  • Don’t share bedding, clothing, towels, personal items, or with someone with MPV
  • Do not have sex if you or you sex partner(s) feel sick or have a rash or sores and do not kiss or touch each other’s bodies while you are sick.
  • Call your healthcare provider if you have new or unexplained rash, sores, or other MPV symptoms.

Vaccine Information:

  •  The Winnebaog County Health Department has received a limited supply of MPV vaccine and will be administering to those in the community most at risk
  • The MPV vaccine is not currently recommended for the general public.
  • Those who are eligble for the MPV vaccine are:
    • close contacts of someone with MPV, or
    • men, ages 18 and older, who have sex with men (MSM)
  • Click here to register for the MPV Vaccine (Registration does not guarantee vaccination.)

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For Healthcare Provider:

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